Mithuna Sankranti is one of the twelve Sankranti days which occur in a year. Sankranti occurs when the Sun does transition from one house to the other in the zodiac signs. Simply, Sankranti signifies the beginning of the new month in the Hindu calendar.
Mithuna Sankranti is the transition of the Sun from Vrushaba Rasi to Mithuna Rasi. This also is celebrated as the onset of the Hindu month Jyeshta or Aani.
Mithuna Sankranti occurs on Tuesday, 15th June 2021. The exact commencement of Aani month has to be ascertained from the respective regional calendars.
Mithuna Sankranti is also called as Mithunam Sankramam, Raja Parba and Raja Sankranthi.
As per Bhavishya Puran, Lord Surya’s Chariot was designed by Sri Brahma Himself. It is driven by Aruna, the Sarathy of Sri Surya. The Chariot is pulled by seven horses which depict seven days of the week.
Apart from Sri Surya, two Adityas, two Rishis, two Gandharvas, two Apsaras, two Nagas and two Rakshas (demons) also travel in the chariot. For every pair of two months, the travelers change.
For the two months pair of Aani (Jyeshta) and Aadi (Aashada), the following travel with Sri Surya.
Adityas – Mithra and Varuna
Rishis – Athri and Vasishta
Gandharvas – Hahaa and Hehee
Apsaras – Menaka and Sahajanya
Nagas – Dakshasa and Anantha
Rakshas – Paurusheya and Budha
Mithuna Sankranti – Rituals
-Holy dip / bath has to be taken, if possible in rivers like Ganga, Yamuna and Godavari. If bath is taken in a river, both the hands should be joined in a cup, some water has to be taken from the running river and poured back into the river looking at the Sun.
-Pithur tharpana for the departed souls of the family is observed.
-Puja place at home is to be decorated with lamps, dhup and flowers.
-Sweets are to be offered as Neivedyam and distributed to all. As believed, in Odisha, a special dish named Poda Pitha made of jaggery, coconut, butter and rice powder is prepared.
– Mostly fasting is observed. For those who cannot do fasting, only sattvic food has to be partaken.
-Daan / donation of either food or money or clothing or any other item can be made to the poor and the needy.
It is believed that making daan on this shall bring in prosperity.