Mesha Sankranti / Sankrama

Mesha Sankranti
Mesha Sankranti - Lord Surya

Mesha Sankranti is one of the twelve Sankranti days which occur in a year.  Sankranti occurs when the Sun does transition from one house to the other in the zodiac signs. Simply, Sankranti signifies the beginning of the new month in the Hindu calendar.

Mesha Sankranti is the transition of the Sun from Meena Rasi to Mesha Rasi. This also is celebrated as the Hindu New Year Sri Sobha Kiruthu.

Mesha Sankranti occurs on Saturday, 13th April 2024. The exact time of the Sun’s transition has to be ascertained from the respective regional calendar.

As per Bhavishya Puran, Bhagwan Surya’s Chariot was designed by Sri Brahma Himself. It is driven by Aruna, the Sarathy of Sri Surya. The Chariot is pulled by seven horses which depict seven days of the week.

Apart from Sri Surya, two Adityas, two Rishis, two Gandharvas, two Apsaras, two Nagas and two Rakshas (demons) also travel in the chariot. For every pair of two months, the travelers change.

For the two months pair of Chithirai and Vaikasi, the following travel with Sri Surya.

Adityas – Datta and Aryama
Rishis – Pulasthi and Pulaha
Gandharvas – Thumburu and Narada
Apsaras – Krithasthali and Punjikashthala
Nagas – Vasuki and Kacha
Rakshas – Haedhi and Brahaedhi


-Holy dip / bath has to be taken. If bath is taken in a river, both the hands should be joined in a cup, some water has to be taken from the running river and poured back into the river looking at the Sun.

-At Sunrise, special prayers are to be offered to Sri Surya seeking welfare of all. Slokas invoking Surya can be chanted.

-Puja place at home is to be decorated with lamps, dhup and flowers. Sweets are to be offered as Neivedyam and distributed to all.

-Daan / donation of either food or money or clothing or any other item can be made to the poor and the needy.

It is believed that making daan shall bring in prosperity.

This festival is observed along with the beginning of Sri Sobha Kiruthu, the Hindu New Year day.

Sri Surya Slokas

There are innumerable Slokams / Stotrams available to invoke Sri Surya. A few of them are

Sri Aditya Hrudaya Stotram
Sri Aditya Hrudayam Satha Namavali
Sri Surya Gayathri Mantra
Sri Surya Chalisa
Sri Bhaskara Stotram
Sri Ratha Sapthami Slokam
Sri Surya Kavacha Stotram
Sri Surya Ashtakam


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