Kumbha Sankranti

Kumbha Sankranti
Kumba Sankranti

Kumbha Sankranti is one of the twelve Sankranti days which occur in a year.  Sankranti occurs when the Sun does transition from one house to the other in the zodiac signs. Simply, Sankranti signifies the beginning of the new month in the Hindu calendar.

Kumbha Sankranti is the transition of the Sun from Makar Rasi to Kumbha Rasi. It occurs in the Hindu month Pausha. In Tamil regions, this denotes the commencement of Masi month. In Eastern States, this denotes the commencement of Falgun month. The devotees near the course of rivers such Ganges, Godavari, Narmada etc., take holy dip on this day. The holy dip is known as Sankrama Snan.

Kumbha Sankranti occurs on Monday, 13th February 2024. The exact commencement of Kumbha Sankranti has to be ascertained from the respective regional calendars. The festival is also called as Kumbha Sankramam.

As per Bhavishya Puran, Bhagwan Surya’s Chariot was designed by Sri Brahma Himself. It is driven by Aruna, the Sarathy of Sri Surya. The Chariot is pulled by seven horses which depict seven days of the week.

Apart from Sri Surya, two Adityas, two Rishis, two Gandharvas, two Apsaras, two Nagas and two Rakshas (demons) also travel in the chariot. For every pair of two months, the travelers change.

For the two months pair of Masi and Panguni, the following travel with Sri Surya.

Adityas – Duvashta and Vishnu
Rishis – Jamatakni and Visvamitra
Gandharvas – Drudrashtra and Varsha
Apsaras – Thilothama and Ramba
Nagas – Kathraveya and Malakshavathara
Rakshas – Brahma Preda and Yaksha Preda


The general rituals pertaining any Masik Sankranti are as given below:

-Holy dip / bath has to be taken, if possible, in rivers like Ganga, Yamuna and Godavari. If bath is taken in a river, both the hands should be joined in a cup, some water has to be taken from the running river and poured back into the river looking at the Sun.

-Pithur tharpana for the departed souls of the family is observed.

-Puja place at home is to be decorated with lamps, dhup and flowers.

-Stotrams invoking Bhagwan Surya are to be sincerely recited.

-Sweets are to be offered as Neivedyam and distributed to all.

– Mostly fasting is observed. For those who cannot do fasting, only sattvic food has to be partaken.

-Daan / donation of either food or money or clothing or any other item can be made to the poor and the needy.

It is believed that making daan on this day shall bring in prosperity.

Sri Surya Slokas

There are innumerable Slokams / Stotrams available to invoke Sri Surya. A few of them are

Sri Aditya Hrudaya Stotram
Sri Aditya Hrudayam Satha Namavali
Sri Surya Gayathri Mantra
Sri Surya Chalisa
Sri Bhaskara Stotram
Sri Ratha Sapthami Slokam
Sri Surya Kavacha Stotram
Sri Surya Ashtakam


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