Ganadhipa Sankashti Chathurthi Vrat is observed by invoking Lord Ganesha. This Sankashti Chathurthi Vrat occurs in the Krishna Paksha Chathurthi of Karthika month as per Amantha and Karthika month as per Purnimantha calendars.
The general form of Sri Sankashti Ganapathi as the destroyer of troubles is of golden hue, attired in blue dress sitting on red lotus. He is in varadha mudra bestowing abundance and is holding a goad, a noose and a bowl of payasam.
For the Year 2021, Ganadhipa Sankashti Chathurthi is on Tuesday, 23rd November 2021. The exact duration of the Chathurthi Tithi and the time of the moon rise are to be ascertained from the respective regional calendar.
The form of Sri Vinayaka for worshipping in this Vrat is Sri Ganadhipa Maha Ganapathi. The Peeta is Sri Shiva.
Sri Ganesh is called as Sri Ganadhipa as He is the adhipathi of the Shiv Ganas, the warriors of Lord Shiva. It was Lord Shiva who made Sri Vinayak the leader of Shiv Ganas.
It is believed that Lord Hanuman had observed this Vrat before embarking on crossing the ocean to search for Sri Seetha Devi in Lanka.
The devotees wake up early in the morning. After bathing, the puja place at home is cleaned. The vigraha or the picture of Sri Ganapathi is decorated with flowers. Chandan and Kumkum are applied. Lamps and Dhup are lit.
Slokams / Stotrams invoking Sri Ganapathi are recited. The story concerned with the Sankashti Chathurthi Vrat is read and recited.
Some people observe fasting for the day. By the evening, special abhishekams and archanas are done at Ganapathi temples.
After having the darshan of Chandra, the moon, they partake the prasadam which was offered to God as Neivedyam. The Neivedyam mostly consists on modhakam, sundal, payasam and other related rice preparations.
Giving daan of food (Annadanam) to the poor and needy is of utmost importance.
The ardent devotees of Lord Ganesha consider the Sankashti Chathurthi festivals as highly auspicious.
It is believed that sincere observation of all the Sankata Hara Chathurthi Vrats shall
-result in fulfillment of the wishes;
-alleviate all problems in life;
-bring in prosperity;
-assure no re-birth; and
-ensure attainment of salvation in Ganesh Loka.
The particulars of Sankashti Vrats in general, Vikata Sankashti Chathuthi, Eka dhantha Sankashti Chathurthi, Krishna Pingala Sankashti Chathurthi, Gajanan Sankashti Chathurthi, Heramba Sankashti Chathurthi, Vigna Raja Sankashti Chathurthi and Vakra Thunda Sankashti Chathurthi are narrated in the previous articles.
The rest of the Sankashti Vrats shall be narrated in the subsequent articles of the series.