Aditya Hrudayam – History
During Yuddha Gaanta in the epic Ramayana, when Lord Rama was spiritually down in a thoughtful mood which made Him question the reason behind His incarnation on earth, he was hesitant to proceed with the war as the charioteer of Ravana was suddenly whisked away so as to save Ravana’s life.
Seeing Rama’s self inflicted torment, Sage Agasthya presented Shri Adithya Hrudayam Stotram to Lord Rama and asked Him to chant it so as to clear His mind of negative thoughts.
Aditya Hrudayam MP3
Aditya Hrudayam Lyrics & Meaning
Kiranashamita paapaklesha duhkhasya naasham ||
Arunakirana Gamyam aadim aadhitya moorthim |
Sakala bhuvanam vandyam bhaaskaram tam namaami ||
Verses (1 to 30)
ravanam chagrato drishtva yuddhaya samupasthitam || 1 ||
Meaning: When the war was nearing the end, Rama was in a fatigued position. Raavana was daring for a fresh encounter as he appeared to be exalted.
upagamya bravidramam agastyo bhagavan rishihi || 2 ||
Meaning: At the entrance of the battle field, Sage Agasthya visited Lord Rama, saw His exhausted state and told him the way of attainment as thus:
yena sarvanarin vatsa samare vijayishyasi || 3 ||
Meaning: Lord Ramaa, mighty armed, I will tell you the eternal secret by which you can defeat your enemies and win in the battle field.
jayavaham japen-nityam akshayyam paramam shivam || 4 ||
Meaning: Aditya Hrudayam is a sacred chant and destroyer of all enemies. Chanting it with passion on daily basis provides imperishable absolute victory.
chintashoka-prashamanam ayurvardhana-muttamam || 5 ||
Meaning: The mantra hymn is all pervading auspiciousness and remover / destroyer of all sins. It removes the woes of mind (heart) and will enhance the longevity of life.
pujayasva vivasvantam bhaskaram bhuvaneshvaram || 6 ||
Meaning: Lord Surya rises with golden rays spreading them everywhere and He is respected by both Devas and Asuras (Gods and Demons). He is the Lord of the Universe by whose effulgence all else gets brightened.
esha devasura gananlokan pati gabhastibhih || 7 ||
Meaning: With His dazzling radiant rays, He protects the whole world which includes the hordes of both Devas and Asuras.
mahendro dhanadah kalo yamah somo hyapam patihi || 8 ||
Meaning: Lord Surya is really Brahma (creator), Vishnu (protector) and Shiva (destroyer) and so He is Skanda (Subramanya), Prajapathi and is the Lord of the Great Indra, Kubera (prosperity), Yama , Moon and Varuna (rain).
vayurvahnih praja-prana ritukarta prabhakarah || 9 ||
Meaning: Lord Surya is the ancestral mane, dispenser of treasures, semi divine yogies, devas, celestial physicians, manu the all knowing, wind god, fire god and He is the creator of all seasons with His dazzling rays and is the source of all light and awareness of knowledge.
suvarnasadrisho bhanur-hiranyareta divakarah || 10 ||
Meaning: Lord Surya is the son of Aditi (hence called Aaditya). Aditi is the mother of all Devas, the creator of the Universe, She shines and cherishes and has brightness similar to gold and is the life and essence of the Universe and is the maker of the day.
timironmathanah shambhu-stvashta martanda amshuman || 11 ||
Meaning: Lord Surya possesses thousand rays and seven greenish yellow horses and removes darkness. He is the dispeller of misfortunes and grants happiness. His rays spread everywhere and He is omnipresent.
agni garbho’diteh putrah shankhah shishira nashanaha || 12 ||
Meaning: Lord Surya is Hiranyagarbha, the soul with subtle body (sukshma sareera). He expels chillness. He has fire in his body and He removes evil mindedness and coldness.
ghanavrishtirapam mitro vindhya-vithiplavangamaha || 13 ||
Meaning: Lord Surya is the dispeller of darkness, doom and death. He is the versatile scholar of vedhas. He showers rain and He befriends water. He crossed Vindhya mountains as a cosmic traveler.
kavirvishvo mahatejah raktah sarva bhavodbhavaha || 14 ||
Meaning: Lord Surya is the one who is the master of the space, He emanates and spreads heat, creates life and inflicts end of life. He induces action in the universe. He is omnipresent. His bright red rays make creatures alive in this universe.
tejasamapi tejasvi dvadashatman namo’stu te || 15 ||
Meaning: Lord Surya is the Peer of the Stars, Planets; He is the originator and the protector of the Universe. He is the brightest existing in twelve forms of Sun (namely: Dhata, Aryama, Mitra, Varuna, Indra, Vivasvan, Tvashtha, Vishnu, Amshuman, Bhaga, Pusha, and Parjanja). Salutations to you, oh Sun God!
jyotirgananam pataye dinaadhipataye namah || 16 ||
Meaning: Salutations to the mountains in the east where the sun rises and the mountains in the west where the sun sets. Lord Surya is the Lord of Astral bodies and He is the Lord of the Day.
namo namah sahasramsho adityaya namo namah || 17 ||
Meaning: Salutations to the Victorious. Salutations to the prosperous blessings which arises from such success. Salutations to the thousand rayed Lord; Salutations to the Son of Aditi – Aaditya.
namah padma prabodhaya martandaya namo namah || 18 ||
Meaning: Salutations to the ferocious and brave. Salutations to the unbound. Salutations to the one who awakens the lotus. Salutations to the mighty Sun.
bhasvate sarva bhakshaya raudraya vapushe namaha || 19 ||
Meaning: Lord Surya, son of Aditi, is Lord Brahma, Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu. Salutations to Him. Salutations to the consummate illuminator and the fiercely beautiful.
kritaghnaghnaya devaya jyotisham pataye namaha || 20 ||
Meaning: Salutations to Lord Surya who expels darkness and coldness, devastates enemies infinitely. Salutations to the one who drives away ingratitude. Salutations to Lord Surya who is God and the Lord of brightness.
namastamo’bhinighnaya ravaye (rucaye) lokasakshine || 21 ||
Meaning: Lord Surya makes burning molten fire. Salutations to Him. He is the architect of the Universe. Salutations to Lord Surya who dispels darkness. Salutations to the radiant one who is witnessed by the World.
payatyesha tapatyesha varshatyesha gabhastibhih || 22 ||
Meaning: Lord Surya is the creator, protector and the destroyer of the World. Salutations to Him. He shines profoundly for abundantly giving rains and He governs.
esha evagnihotram cha phalam chaivagnihotrinam || 23 ||
Meaning: Lord Surya is awake even when the creatures are asleep. With His complete wisdom, he Lords over all the beings. He performs Homam with fire. He is the fire; He is the fruit and the benefit taken by His worshipers.
yani krityani lokeshu sarva esha ravih prabhuh || 24 ||
Meaning: Lord Surya exists in the intelligence and the essence of Vedas. He is the result for His worshipers who do their duties properly. Lord Surya is the mighty powerful Lord who is pervading in all the activities in the world.
kirtayan purushah kashchinnavasidati raghava || 25 ||
Meaning: Oh Raghava! The one who chants Lord Surya’s name in one’s embarrassment, difficulties, danger and in fear will always win and will never give up or perish.
etat trigunitam japtva yuddheshu vijayishyasi || 26 ||
Meaning: Lord Surya, who is the Lord of Devas and the King of the World should be worshiped with complete dedication. By chanting this Aditya Hrudhayam slokam thrice, one can win all the battles in one’s life.
evamuktva tada’gastyo jagama cha yathagatam || 27 ||
Meaning: Sage Agastya, before going back, said thus to Lord Rama as blessing: Oh Rama, the strong shouldered, from this moment, you will surely win Ravana.
dharayamasa suprito raghavah prayatatmavan || 28 ||
Meaning: After Hearing Sage Agastya, Lord Rama got rid of all his worries and sorrows. Reinforcement and fortification came to Lord Rama like a stream.
trirachamya shuchirbhutva dhanuradaya viryavan || 29 ||
Meaning: Lord Rama recited the sloka gazing at Lord Surya ardently. He felt felicitated. Purifying himself with sipping water thrice, he took his bow bravely.
sarvayatnena mahata vadhe tasya dhrito’bhavat || 30 ||
Meaning: On sighting Ravana in the battle field, Lord Rama approached him with a strong intent to kill him.
mudita manah paramam prahrishyamanaha |
suragana-madhyagato vachastvareti ||
When To Recite Aditya Hrudhayam